Why not download our lesser celandine fact sheet?
lesser celandine fact sheet
One of the first woodland flowers of the year
- The flowers are shiny yellow with eight to twelve petals
- The leaves are glossy, dark green and heart-shaped
Damp woodland paths and tracks as well as on stream banks and in ditches. It grows well in the shade of hedgerows too.
When to look for
- It’s a perennial herb, flowering from late February to May - view live map
Fabulous lesser celandine facts
- Also known as pilewort, as it was used to treat haemorrhoids
- The Celts called it Grian (sun) as its petals close up before rain
- Its leaves are high in vitamin C and were used to prevent scurvy
- The poet Wordsworth was so fond of lesser celandine flowers that he had them carved on his tomb
- Found throughout Europe and West Asia, it is now introduced into North America
- According to the Oxford English Dictionary, celandine comes from the Latin chelidonia, meaning swallow - it was said that the flowers bloomed when the swallows returned