Woodland Trust

Nature's CalendarNature Detectives

Have you spotted any signs of spring yet? Look out for butterflies this month.

Wood anemone. Peter Paicewood anemone

Anemone nemorosa

Facts

Why not download our wood anemone fact sheet?


wood anemone fact sheet

  • One of the earliest and prettiest of all woodland flowers
     
  • It is a perennial
     
  • Leaves spring from the base
     
  • Sometimes forms a carpet in woods
     
  • Flowers are usually white, but sometimes pinkish.
     

Wood anemones. Fran HitchinsonWhere found

Woods, hedgerows and upland meadows.
 

When to look for


Fabulous wood anemone facts

  • The scent of wood anemones is not as attractive as their appearance - they are also known as 'smell fox' because of the musky aroma of their leaves

  • Most of the year the plant is hidden from view. It has no foliage, and looks just like a lumpy root (known as a 'rhizome') in the soil. Then at the end of February it bursts into life, sending up deeply lobed leaves, and flowering until May

  • Look out on nearby patches of bare soil for clusters of the little brown goblet-shaped cup fungi, Dumontinia tuberosa, which is parasitic on Anemone nemorosa and grows from dead or dying rhizomes of this plant

  • The Ancient Greeks believed the wood anemone was a gift from the wind god Anemos (or Eurus), sent to herald his coming in spring