Woodland Trust

Nature's CalendarNature Detectives

Flocks of Redwing should be arriving soon, be sure to look out for them

Beech trees. Ken Lesliebeech

Fagus sylvatica

Facts

Why not download our beech fact sheet?


beech fact sheet

  • Magnificent deciduous tree that can grow up to 40m tall
     
  • Bark is smooth, silvery-grey
     
  • Leaves are pointed ovals, with slightly wavy edgesBeech leaves. Miranda Hodgeson
     
  • Cigar shaped buds open to reveal the young leaves which are a delicate yellow-green, turning to shiny dark green by late spring/early summer
     
  • Leaves turn from pale yellow through to deep orange/red in autumn
     
  • The triangular nuts ripen to a shiny rich brown and are held in a prickly, four-lobed casing

  • Beech leaf noyeau recipe

    Try our delicious liqueur recipe:



    beech leaf noyeau

      Beech leaves. Woodland Trust staff
    Where found

    Either in mixed woodland or standing alone, usually on chalky or sandy soils.
     

    When to look for

    Did you know?

    • More than 2000 species of fungi grow in association with beech. Why not download our beech fungi fact pack?

    • Beech nut oil was used in the 19th century England for cooking and in lamps

    • Beech timber has been used in the manufacture of gunpowder and as a source of creosote

    • Chips of beech wood are used as a fining agent in the brewing of Budweiser beer

    • Beech wood pulp is used as the basis for manufacturing a textile fibre known as Modal