Woodland Trust

Nature's CalendarNature Detectives

Ne'er cast a clout till May is out - remember to record your sightings of hawthorn first flowering

Beech trees. Ken Lesliebeech

Fagus sylvatica

Facts

Why not download our beech fact sheet?


beech fact sheet

  • Magnificent deciduous tree that can grow up to 40m tall
     
  • Bark is smooth, silvery-grey
     
  • Leaves are pointed ovals, with slightly wavy edgesBeech leaves. Miranda Hodgeson
     
  • Cigar shaped buds open to reveal the young leaves which are a delicate yellow-green, turning to shiny dark green by late spring/early summer
     
  • Leaves turn from pale yellow through to deep orange/red in autumn
     
  • The triangular nuts ripen to a shiny rich brown and are held in a prickly, four-lobed casing

  • Beech leaf noyeau recipe

    Try our delicious liqueur recipe:



    beech leaf noyeau

      Beech leaves. Woodland Trust staff
    Where found

    Either in mixed woodland or standing alone, usually on chalky or sandy soils.
     

    When to look for

    Did you know?

    • More than 2000 species of fungi grow in association with beech. Why not download our beech fungi fact pack?

    • Beech nut oil was used in the 19th century England for cooking and in lamps

    • Beech timber has been used in the manufacture of gunpowder and as a source of creosote

    • Chips of beech wood are used as a fining agent in the brewing of Budweiser beer

    • Beech wood pulp is used as the basis for manufacturing a textile fibre known as Modal